# Aptitude Boats and Streams Concepts and Formulas

## General terms:

1) **Still water:** The water of a river or any other water body which is not flowing is known as still water.

2) **Stream:** It is the flowing water of a river which is moving at a certain speed.

3) **Upstream:** The boat or a swimmer moving against the stream is known as moving upstream i.e. against the flow of water.

4) **Downstream:** The boat or a swimmer moving along the stream is known as moving downstream i.e. along the flow of water.

## Points to remember:

1) If the speed of the boat or swimmer is X km/hr and the speed of the stream is Y km/hr,

The speed of the boat or swimmer in the direction of the stream is known as speed downstream. It is given by;

Speed downstream= (X+Y) km/hr

And, the speed of the boat or swimmer against the stream is known as speed upstream. It is given by;

Speed upstream= (X-Y) km/hr

2) Speed of man or boat in still water is given by;

= ( speed downstream + speed upstream)

3) Speed of the stream is given by;

= ( speed downstream â€“ speed upstream)

4) A man can row at a speed of X km/hr in still water. If the speed of the stream is Y km/hr and the man rows the same distance up and down the stream, his average speed for the entire journey is given by;

=

= km/hr

5) A man can row a boat in still water at X km/hr. If the stream is flowing at Y km/hr it takes him t hours more to row upstream than to row downstream to cover the same distance. The distance is given by;

Distance =

6) A man can swim in still water at X km/hr. If the stream is flowing at Y km/hr it takes him t hours to reach a place and return back to the starting point. The distance between the place and the starting point is given by;

Distance =

7) A boat or swimmer covers a certain distance downstream in t1 hours and returns the same distance upstream in t2 hours. If the speed of the stream is Y km/hr, the speed of boat or man in still water is given by;

= Y km/hr

8) A boat or swimmer takes K times as long to move upstream as to move downstream to cover a certain distance. If the speed of the stream is Y km/hr, the speed of the boat or man in still water is given by;

= Y km/hr

Aptitude Boats and Streams Test Paper 1

Aptitude Boats and Streams Test Paper 2

Aptitude Boats and Streams Test Paper 3

Aptitude Boats and Streams Test Paper 4