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# Cause and Effect 1

This type of reasoning questions consists of two statements, I and II. These statements may have cause and effect relationship; can be the effects of the same or independent causes or may be the independent causes without having any relationship. You are required to read both the statements carefully and choose the right answer.

1)

I. All the colleges in the city had to keep closed for three days a week.

II. Many students have left the local colleges.

1. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
2. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
3. Both the statements are effects of independent causes
4. Both the statements are independent causes
5. Both the statements are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

Closing the colleges for few days in a week and students leaving the colleges are independent issues which must be the effects of independent causes.

2)

I. The number of unemployed youth rose tremendously this year as compared to the previous year.

II. A large number of candidates applied for the post of a manager in a bank against an advertisement of the job in a newspaper.

1. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
2. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
3. Both the statements are effects of independent causes
4. Both the statements are independent causes
5. Both the statements are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

The tremendous increase in the number of unemployed youth is the reason for the huge crowd applying for a single vacancy.

3)

I. The literacy rate in the city is increasing for the last three years.

II. The city administration has conducted extensive literacy programs to educate the illiterate people of the city.

1. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
2. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
3. Both the statements are effects of independent causes
4. Both the statements are independent causes
5. Both the statements are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

It is clear that due to the efforts of city administration the literacy rate has improved over the past few years.

4)

I. The government has imported large quantities of rice as per trade contract with other countries.

II. The prices of rice reduced sharply in the domestic market in recent months.

1. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
2. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
3. Both the statements are effects of independent causes
4. Both the statements are independent causes
5. Both the statements are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

The government has imported rice. It will increase the supply of rice that would reduce the price.

5)

I. The private colleges have increased the course fees in the current year by 60% to meet the expenses.

II. The government colleges have not increased the course fees in spite of increased expenses.

1. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
2. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
3. Both the statements are effects of independent causes
4. Both the statements are independent causes
5. Both the statements are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

The increase in the course fees of private colleges and no increase in the course fees of government colleges seem to be the independent causes.

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