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One error you may encounter when using R is:

Error in plot.window(...) : need finite 'xlim' values

This error occurs when you attempt to create a plot in R and use either a character vector or a vector with only NA values on the x-axis.

The following examples show two different scenarios where this error may occur in practice.

**Example 1: Error with Character Vector**

Suppose attempt to create a scatterplot using the following code:

#define data x #attempt to create scatterplot plot(x, y) Error in plot.window(...) : need finite 'xlim' values

We receive an error because the vector that we used for the x-axis values is a character vector.

To fix this error, we simply need to supply a numeric vector to the x-axis:

#define two numeric vectors x #create scatterplot plot(x, y)

We’re able to create the scatterplot without any errors because we supplied a numeric vector for the x-axis.

**Example 2: Error with Vector of NA Values**

Suppose attempt to create a scatterplot using the following code:

#define data x #attempt to create scatterplot plot(x, y) Error in plot.window(...) : need finite 'xlim' values

We receive an error because the vector that we used for the x-axis values is a vector with only NA values.

To fix this error, we simply need to supply a numeric vector to the x-axis:

#define two numeric vectors x #create scatterplot plot(x, y)

Once again we’re able to successfully create a scatterplot with no errors because we used a numeric vector for the x-axis.

**Additional Resources**

The following tutorials explain how to fix other common errors in R:

How to Fix R Error: Unexpected String Constant

How to Fix R Error: Discrete value supplied to continuous scale

How to Fix R Error: argument is not numeric or logical: returning na