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You can use the following methods to sort the rows of a NumPy array by column values:

**Method 1: Sort by Column Values Ascending**

x_sorted_asc = x[x[:, 1].argsort()]

**Method 2: Sort by Column Values Descending**

x_sorted_desc = x[x[:, 1].argsort()[::-1]]

The following examples show how to use each method in practice.

**Example 1: Sort Numpy Array by Column Values Ascending**

Suppose we have the following NumPy array:

import numpy as np #create array x = np.array([14, 12, 8, 10, 5, 7, 11, 9, 2]).reshape(3,3) #view array print(x) [[14 12 8] [10 5 7] [11 9 2]]

We can use the following code to sort the rows of the NumPy array in ascending order based on the values in the second column:

#define new matrix with rows sorted in ascending order by values in second column x_sorted_asc = x[x[:, 1].argsort()] #view sorted matrix print(x_sorted_asc) [[10 5 7] [11 9 2] [14 12 8]]

Notice that the rows are now sorted in ascending order (smallest to largest) based on the values in the second column.

**Example 2: ****Sort Numpy Array by Column Values Descending**

Suppose we have the following NumPy array:

import numpy as np #create array x = np.array([14, 12, 8, 10, 5, 7, 11, 9, 2]).reshape(3,3) #view array print(x) [[14 12 8] [10 5 7] [11 9 2]]

We can use the following code to sort the rows of the NumPy array in descending order based on the values in the second column:

#define new matrix with rows sorted in descending order by values in second column x_sorted_desc = x[x[:, 1].argsort()[::-1]] #view sorted matrix print(x_sorted_desc) [[14 12 8] [11 9 2] [10 5 7]]

Notice that the rows are now sorted in descending order (largest to smallest) based on the values in the second column.

**Additional Resources**

The following tutorials explain how to perform other common operations in Python:

How to Find Index of Value in NumPy Array

How to Get Specific Column from NumPy Array

How to Add a Column to a NumPy Array