Home » What is a complement

What is a complement

by Online Tutorials Library

What is a complement?

A complement in grammatical structures is a term, utterance, or stipulation required to complete the meaning of the original affirmation. Complements are frequently used as assertions. A complement seems to be something that, when combined with another one, creates complete sense.

Complement is derived from the Latin complementum, which means “anything that typically provides or performs.” Both connotations are retained via complement. It’s also an adjective. If you and your companion complemented each other, you’d create a great team. Something that accomplishes or contributes a few to a compliment.

Complements for the predicative, topic, and objective

The words subject complement and object complement are used in several non-theoretical linguistic to designate syntactic statements (including such syntactic verbs and auxiliary verbs) that assist in giving quality to a subject or an object:

Examples: Here, we have some examples to elaborate on the above terms.

  • Ryan is irritated. – As a subject complement, use a syntactic adjective.
  • David is in charge. – As a subject complement, use a syntactic substantive.
  • Mathew became sluggish as a result. – As an object complement, use a predicative adjective.
  • David is referred to as the supervisor. – As an object complement, a predicative nominal is used.

The grammar texts utilize the following phraseology:

Type Verb Instance Component
SVO Monotransitive That seminar bored me. Subject, verb, object
SV Intransitive The moon is brightening. Subject, verb
SVA Coplar My home is in another building. Subject, verb, adverbial
SVC Coplar The lunch seems almost ready. Subject, verb, subject complement
SVOC Complex-transitive Many employees have found her reasonably helpful. Subject, verb, object, object complement
SVOA Complex- transitive You can put the meal on the dining table. Subject, verb, object, adverbial
SVOO Ditransitive I must send my manager an invitation card. Subject, verb, indirect object, direct object

Although, despite this use of nomenclature, several modern analyses of syntactic can be seen in the phrases as strong as elements of the sentence premise. It implies that they do not complement the subject or object but instead attributes that are postulated objects.

The Cambridge Dictionary of the English Language refers to both usages as “syntactic complements,” and the definitional difference is shifted to the utterance:

  • Ed appeared to be highly capable: – complex-intransitive verb + syntactic complement.
  • Ed was highly skilled in her opinion: – syntactic complement + sophisticated verb.

Complement as an argument

The object parameter of a linguistic verb is a complement in several current linguistic (for example, those based on the X-bar paradigm). In reality, this usage of the word is presently dominant in linguistics. One important component of this complement comprehension is that the subject is not always a counterpart of the preposition:

  • He cleaned the counter – It is the noun complement of the phrase cleaned.
  • She scrubbed the bathtub – It is the object counterpart of the phrase scrubbed.

While it is less usual, similar logic can sometimes be extended to topic assertions:

  • He cleaned the counter clean. – He is the verb wiped subjective accompaniment.
  • She combed through the pool. – The subjective complement of the verb scrubbed is she.

The subject and object parameters are assumed to be opposites in those situations. As a result, the phrases complement and argument have meanings. It’s worth noticing that this approach considers a subject complement to be something completely distinct from conventional grammar’s subject counterparts, which are syntactic phrases, as described above.

Generally described

In the broader sense, each time a given statement is required to make another statement “accomplish,” it can be defined as a supplement of that statement:

  • With regard to the category – The NP The counterpart of the conjunction, with, is the category.
  • Jim will assist you. – The primary verb aid is the relative clauses will’s counterpart.
  • Chris had given up. – The element up is the word give’s counterpart.
  • As a friend – The complement of the adverb, as, is the NP a buddy.

Several compliments, when interpreted broadly, cannot be interpreted as justification. In contrast to the complementary idea, the argument idea is linked to the premise idea.

An appendage in semantics is an alternative, or architecturally, a component of a statement, phrase, or term that, when deleted, does not affect the rest of the paragraph besides eliminating some secondary data. A more descriptive term of the alternative demonstrates its purpose as a modulating type, sentence, or quotation that is dependent on some other type, sentence, or quotation, as well as being a component of clause structure with adjectival structure. An alternative is not a syntactic affirmation or an assertion, and an argument is not an alternative.

The assertion differentiation is core in most hypotheses of linguistic structure. The terminology used to denominate parameters and adjuncts can vary on the hypotheses at hand. Several interdependence idioms, for example, employ the word circonstant (rather than adjunct) and pursue Tesnière (1959).

You may also like