What is Web Service
A Web Service is can be defined by following ways:
- It is a client-server application or application component for communication.
- The method of communication between two devices over the network.
- It is a software system for the interoperable machine to machine communication.
- It is a collection of standards or protocols for exchanging information between two devices or application.
Let’s understand it by the figure given below:
As you can see in the figure, Java, .net, and PHP applications can communicate with other applications through web service over the network. For example, the Java application can interact with Java, .Net, and PHP applications. So web service is a language independent way of communication.
Types of Web Services
There are mainly two types of web services.
- SOAP web services.
- RESTful web services.
Web Service Features
Web services use XML at data description and data transportation layers. Using XML exclude any networking, operating system, or platform binding. Web services-based operation is extremely interoperable at their core level.
A client of a web service is not fixed to the web service directly. The web service interface can support innovation over time without negotiating the client’s ability to communicate with the service. A tightly coupled system means that the client and server logic are closely tied to one another, indicating that if one interface changes, then another must be updated. Accepting a loosely coupled architecture tends to make software systems more manageable and allows more straightforward integration between various systems.
Object-oriented technologies such as Java expose their functions through individual methods. A specific process is too fine an operation to provide any suitable capability at a corporate level. Building a Java program from scratch needed the creation of various fine-grained functions that are then collected into a coarse-grained role that is consumed by either a client or another service.
Businesses and the interfaces that they prove should be coarse-grained. Web services technology implement a natural method of defining coarse-grained services that approach the right amount of business logic.
Ability to be Synchronous or Asynchronous
Synchronicity specifies the binding of the client to the execution of the function. In synchronous invocations, the client blocks and delays in completing its service before continuing. Asynchronous operations grant a client to invoke a task and then execute other functions.
Asynchronous clients fetch their result at a later point in time, while synchronous clients receive their effect when the service has completed. Asynchronous capability is an essential method in enabling loosely coupled systems.
Supports Remote Procedure Calls (RPCs)
Web services allow consumers to invoke procedures, functions, and methods on remote objects using an XML-based protocol. Remote systems expose input and output framework that a web service must support.
Component development through Enterprise JavaBeans (EJBs) and .NET Components has more become a part of architectures and enterprise deployments over a previous couple of years. Both technologies are assigned and accessible through a variety of RPC mechanisms.
A web function supports RPC by providing services of its own, equivalent to those of a traditional role, or by translating incoming invocations into an invocation of an EJB or a .NET component.
Supports Document Exchange
One of the essential benefits of XML is its generic way of representing not only data but also complex documents. These documents can be as simple as describing a current address, or they can be as involved as defining an entire book or Request for Quotation (RFQ). Web services support the transparent transfer of documents to facilitate business integration.