Selenium WebDriver- Running test on Safari Browser
In this section, we will learn how to run our Selenium Test Scripts on Safari Browser.
Safari Browser implements the WebDriver protocol using SafariDriver. The SafariDriver is the link between your tests in Selenium and the Safari Browser. SafariDriver has been implemented as a plugin in safari browser and this provides a perfect match of client and server machine where SafariDriverServer acts as server and Selenium-Java/Language binding acts as client.
Note: Previously SafariDriver was supporting safari browser on Windows machine but recently Apple has decided to remove its support for windows and then execution on safari has become the job of Mac machine. So for the same, we need mac machine where safari browser should be installed.
Let us consider a test case in which we will try to automate the following scenarios in Safari browser.
- Launch Safari browser.
- Open URL: www.google.com
- Type the value “tutoraspire tutorials”
- Click on the Search button.
- Close the browser
We will create our fifth test case in the same test suite (Demo_Test).
Step1. Right click on the “src” folder and create a new Class File from New > Class. Give your Class name as “Fifth” and click on “Finish” button.
Step2. Open URL: https://www.seleniumhq.org/download/ in your Safari browser. It will direct you to the ‘downloads’ page of Selenium official website. Scroll down through the web page and locate SafariDriver.
Step3. Click on the “Latest Release” option to download the latest version of SafariDriver.
Step4. Double click on the downloaded file.
This will launch a pop-up box on your Safari browser extension window. Click on the “Trust” button to configure WebDriver in your Safari browser.
Step5. Restart your browser.
Before writing the test script, let us first understand how we can initialize SafariDriver in Selenium. Safari browser is represented by a class called SafariDriver in the org.openqa.selenium.safari package. All we have to do is to create an instance of SafariDriver class.
Here is a sample code to do that:
Step6. Now, it is time to code. We have embedded comments for each block of code to explain the steps clearly.
The Eclipse code window will look like this:
Step7. Right click on the Eclipse code and select Run As > Java Application.
Upon execution, the above test script will launch the Safari browser and automate all the test scenarios.