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Uses Of Preposition

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Uses Of Preposition

What is a preposition?

A preposition is a term that connects noun, pronoun, or phrase in a sentence to other terms in the sentence.

Prepositions have the following characteristics

  • Prepositional phrases demonstrate the connection amongst the terms in the sentence.
  • Since certain prepositional phrases have multiple definitions, the meaning varies greatly depending on context.
  • It is not a grammatical mistake to use a preposition word at the ending of the sentence.

However, understanding prepositions is a bit tough therefore, students should be aware when reading a book or other papers and check the usage of the preposition for better understanding.

Uses Of Preposition

Use of Preposition on the basis of Its Types

1. Preposition of Direction

The objective of these kinds of prepositions is to demonstrate how something is done and to express how something should be done.

Here is a complete list of prepositions that indicate a direction, along with their meanings and usage.

Preposition Of Direction Prepositions Meaning and Usage
Above At a higher level
Across From one side to the other of a place/area
Along By the side of
Around All over/ on all sides
At To indicate a place or point
Among In the company of/middle of
Behind On the far side of something
Beside Next to
Below At a lower level
Close to Very near
Over On top of/ above
Towards In a direction
Through From one end to the other
Up At higher level from a lower point
Down From higher to lower point
Between In the middle of
By Close/ near
Inside/In Inner side
Near Close by/ to
Next to Beside/ alongside
On Indicates a atop position
Onto Moving on top of something/place
Off away
Past On far side
Under At a lower level

Some of the examples with the use of preposition of direction are;

  1. Children went behind the tree.
  2. Look tothe left, and you will reach your desired place.
  3. They met us at the cafeteria
  4. The kitty jumped onto the couch
  5. The book is on the table.
  6. Kids can learn Mandarin in this university.
  7. The children raced up the hillside.
  8. They drove to the market.

Uses Of Preposition

2. Preposition of Time

These words are used to indicate to a specific point in time.

Here is a complete list of prepositions that indicate time, along with their meanings and usage.

Preposition Of Time Preposition Meaning and Usage
On For dates and days of the week
In For the months, years/ seasons, part of the day
At At a certain time
Since From a certain time until present
For Over a specific time period
Ago From present to certain point of time in past
During Throughout the time
Before Earlier time or previous time period
After Subsequent or later time period
Until (Till) To a certain time period
To/Past Tell the time
From/To A starting point to ending point
By Not later than

Some of the examples with the use of preposition of time are;

  1. We will reach on Sunday.
  2. The conference starts at 7:00 pm
  3. The firm was established in
  4. They got engaged on Thursday, 6th January.
  5. I work on weekends as well.
  6. I have resided in this town since 2000.
  7. I will be available after Sunday.
  8. The office remains closed from 1 pm to 2 pm.
  9. We will arrive on Thursday.
  10. The seminar will finish at 8:00 pm.

3. Preposition of Place/location

The concept of a place preposition means a term that indicates the position of an object in a sentence.

Here is a complete list of prepositions that indicate place, along with their meanings and usage.

Preposition Of Time Preposition Meaning and Usage
In A place that is inside
At In the place, certain place or event
On Place above
Off From a place
By/ Beside At the side/ close or next
Under In a low position
Over In or at position above
Below At a lower place/ position
Above Over the head
Up From lower place to higher
Down From high place position to low

Some of the examples with the use of preposition of place/ location are;

  1. We live in Delhi.
  2. The kitten is sitting under the desk.
  3. They are standing behind the door.
  4. There is a path above the pond.
  5. The birds flew over the cottage.
  6. They were waiting patiently at the corner.
  7. He left his phone on the sofa.
  8. The supermarket is by the petrol pump.
  9. There is a lot of dust on the grill.
  10. Basements are below the ground.

Other English Grammar Prepositions: There are certain prepositions in English grammar that do not meet the prerequisites of time, place, and direction.

All of these types of preposition terms in grammar are covered in the preposition list with meaning below.

Prepositions Preposition Meaning
Or Coming from/ compose of/linked with
By In name of
About Estimates quantity and talks about subject
For Shows aim/purpose and object
With In presence/usage of

Uses of Prepositions in English in Various Contexts

Often in English grammar, prepositions are used in a variety of ways, and the meaning varies greatly depending on context. They are available in the section below.

The prepositional phrase served as Conjunctions

Some words are prepositions, yet they serve as conjunctions.

Rules for Prepositions-The preposition placed before a phrase functions as conjunction. However, when a word is placed before a noun phrase, it remains a preposition.

The most typical terms used in these types of preposition include after, as, since, before, until, and so on.

  1. After the conference they went to the cinema. (Preposition)
  2. After their dinner, they went to the mall. (Conjunction)
  3. She stood before the magistrate and justified her innocence. (Preposition)
  4. Before justifying his innocence, he glanced at the magistrate for a long time. (Conjunction)

The preposition that acts as Adverbs

Words that you might conceive of as prepositions can sometimes serve as adverbs. When a word modifies a verb, it begins to behave as an adverb.

This rule is followed by the following prepositions in English: about, across, around, before, beyond, in, inside, near, opposite, outside, past, round, through, under, up, within.

  1. Betty colors outside the lines.
    Outside the lines refers to an adverbial phrase, whereas outside refers to a preposition.
  2. If you wish to view the supermoon, you will have to go outside.
    Outside indicates where you have to go in this case because, without an object in the sentence the word outside is an adverb.

Use of Preposition with Adjective

Preposition words are often used after adjectives to finish or expound on the concept or emotion that the adjectives represent.

There are no explicit preposition rules for combining adjectives with English grammar prepositions.

Below are some sentences with adjectives and prepositions:

  1. Jenny is terrified of scuba diving in the ocean
  2. The children are very fond of the chocolate
  3. She was an expert in biology and life sciences.
  4. Good nutrition is good for one’s health.

Use of Preposition with Nouns

Certain preposition words can be combined with nouns to link or clarify ideas conveyed in sentences. The preposition is always placed after the noun in this kind of pairing.

Here are some instances of noun and preposition:

  1. Her response to the instructor’s query was correct.
  2. Tina has too much love for her father.
  3. My brother has a fear of reptiles.
  4. She has little expertise in swimming.

Use of a Preposition Using Verbs

Certain verbs require prepositions to link with their objects. Verbs are generally followed by prepositions before the verb’s object. These types of prepositions are referred to as dependent prepositions.

Here is a list of preposition examples with verbs:

  1. I applied for the internship but was not hired.
  2. Has she fully recovered from his ailment?
  3. He believes in the existence of ghosts.
  4. This cleanser smells of flowers.

Some common prepositions and uses

Here are a few common prepositions that we use in our daily routine. Read on to understand the use of preposition;

On :

On (implies to some- thing’s surface )- She kept the glasses on the table.

On (refers to specific days as well as dates)- They will reach on Monday.

Ram was born on 15th January.

On (Implies to devices)- He is always on the phone.

This series will be on TV now.

On (implies to the body parts) – I have to wear this ring on my finger for some time.

On (for referring a state)- The chocolates in the govt shop are on sale.

Uses Of Preposition

At :

At (implies to a place)- There are so many senior citizens at the park.

At (implies to email address)- Please send the details @ (at) [email protected]

At (to allude to a particular time) – We all are meeting at 3 pm today.

At (to refer to someone’s activity)-Julie laughed at my singing in the performance.

In :

In (to refer to a place/location)- We are in my cousin’s place now.

In (utilized while some activity) – The slogan should be catchy in advertising of the products.

In (To refer to the opinions, beliefs, feelings, etc.)- They believe in working hard.

In (to refer to certain days, months, seasons or year) – I prefer to study English in the afternoon.

The new class will begin in January.

In (to refer to colors, shapes, and sizes) – This outfit comes in three sizes.

To :

To (to refer to the directions, places)- The group went to the hotel for celebration.

I am moving to my office.

To (to refer to relationships) – Don’t ever talk to annoying people.

Your response is important to us.

To (to refer to limit) – The papers were piled up to the ceiling.

To (to indicate the period) – I am available for a call from 11 to 12.

Of :

Of (to refer to relate to, belong to) – We have dreamed of being popular.

Of (to point out to reference) – This is a photo of my previous celebration.

Of (to refer to the numbers or amount) – A large volume of individuals can speak English.

For :

For (to refer to the reason) – We are happy for you.

For (to refer to the duration or time) – I went to the class for one month only.

For (clarifying the usage of something) – He is preparing for his exams.

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